perseus constellation myth

An interesting myth about Cepheus is that the wife of King Cepheus of Aethiopia, Cassiopeia, invited the anger of Poseidon after she claimed that her daughter Andromeda was more beautiful than the wife of the Sea God. Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. In Hebrew tradition it was also known as the Satan’s Head, or Rōsh ha Sāṭān. Their gaze could turn anyone who looked at them into stone. Phi Persei is a double star consisting of a B2-class main sequence star and a subdwarf. But he could not prevent his end as Zeus fell in love with Danae and came to visit her disguised as golden rain after … Enormous bright loops, ripples, and jet-like streaks are apparent in the image. In Greek myth, Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. Perseus sets in the west in Spring and can be seen low on the horizon from the southern hemisphere between November and January. She was chained to a stone on the shore of the Aethiopian coast; a sacrifice to appease the sea-monster Cetus, who had been wreaking havoc on the Aethiopian people. Perseus was the son of Danaë, daughter of King Acrisius. The system has a combined visual magnitude of 2.88 and is about 640 light years distant from the Sun. Discovering the Twenty Two Lost Star Signs. Perseus holds up Medusa's head so Andromeda may safely see its reflection in the pool below (fresco, 1st century AD, Pompeii) Perseus is just then flying near the coast of Ethiopia on his winged sandals, having slain the Gorgon Medusa and carrying her severed head, … Perseus grew up being very protective of his … Click on image for full size Courtesy of NASA. Rho Persei is visible to the naked eye. Copyright 2014-2017 Under the Night Sky | All Rights Reserved | Powered by Energetic Brains, Constellation Lists – Official to Ancient. An oracle had told Acrisiusa that a son of Danae would one day kill him. The winged-horse Pegasus sprang from Medusa’s blood and Perseus mounted him and headed home. Greek mythology evolved thousands of years ago. Perseus was one of the 48 constellations discovered by Ptolemy in the 2nd century. The system is 36.6 light years distant. Map of the Perseus molecular cloud, image: Roberto Mura. The first person to recognize it as a planetary nebula was the astronomer Heber Doust Curtis. The names of so many of the heroes and characters are known today through movies and games but the actual story about such characters are unknown. The Chinese knew it as the Fifth Star of the Mausoleum, or Tseih She, which means piled up corpses. Perseus. 310 BC – 240 BC) characterization of Perseus as "stirring up a dust in heaven" might relate to this phenomena. Perseus sets in the west in Spring and can be seen low on the horizon from the southern hemisphere between November and January. In Greek mythology, Pegasus is a white winged horse that sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medusa when Perseus beheaded her. The system may have a third component, but its existence has not been confirmed. Episode 6 Andromeda Part 2: Constellations of the Perseus Family. Other bright members of the cluster include Delta, Epsilon, and Psi Persei. He was the son of Jupiter and Danae, and is best known for his killing of the Gorgon Medusa. He raised Perseus as his own son. Perseus is a very old fall/winter constellation. Perseus rescued Andromeda and took her home with him. There are several versions of how Acrisius and Perseus came to be in the same place at the same time, but in all of them, Acrisius is accidentally killed by a discus thrown by Perseus in funeral games. The primary star has a visual magnitude of 4.01. Messier 34 is an open cluster with a visual magnitude of 5.5, approximately 1,500 light years distant. Delta Persei is a binary star with a visual magnitude of 3.01, approximately 520 light years distant. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae, the daughter of Acrisius of Argos. NGC 869 lies to the west and has a visual magnitude of 5.3, and NGC 884 is to the east and has a magnitude of 6.1. Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky. He asked everyone to give him and his bride horses as a wedding present. There are several versions of how Acrisius and Perseus came to be in the same place at the same time, but in all of them, Acrisius is accidentally killed by a discus thrown by Perseus in funeral games. Such stories serve as a doorway to enter the world of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Perseus was a Greek mythological hero whose adventures provide the background stories of other constellations. The two orbit each other with a period of 4.5 days. Perseus and Andromeda lie next to each other in the sky, with her parents Cepheus and Cassiopeia nearby. In Greek mythology this constellation represented the hero Perseus, who slew the Medusa and rescued the princess Andromeda from the sea monster Cetus. Perseus has an interesting history, and it was Ptolemy, the Father of eighty-eight subjects who cataloged it in the second century. Perseus contains eight named stars. Therefore, Andromeda probably used to represent … Helped by Athena, Perseus found the Gorgon sisters on Mount Atlas. He also rescued Andromeda from a great sea monster (Cetus). Kappa Persei is a triple star system about 112 light years away in the direction of Perseus constellation. Little Dumbbell Nebula – Messier 76 (M76, NGC 650 & NGC 651). Découvrez des t-shirts, posters, stickers, objets déco et autres produits du quotidien sur le thème Perseus, personnalisés par des artistes indépendants du monde entier. The meteor shower peaks every year around August 13, when the rate of meteors can reach over 60 per hour, which usually happens in the hours just before the dawn. It moves at the speed of 92 km/s relative to the Sun. 1 Aurigae is an orange giant of the spectral type K3.5IIIBa0.2. It passed within 9.8 light years of the solar system about 7.3 million years ago and its apparent magnitude at the time was -2.5, which made it much brighter than Sirius, currently the brightest star in the sky, is today. He was the son of Zeus , the chief god. Algol, the Demon Star, is one of the best known stars in the sky. MYTH . As the monster was about to claim his prize, Perseus whipped out the head of Medusa and turned Cetus into stone, saving Andromeda and the country. He immediately flew to Mount Helicon and struck the ground with his hoof. The star Algol (derived from the Arabic "Ras al Ghul", "Head of the Demon") represents the head of Medusa. The Little Dumbbell Nebula is 2.7 x 1.8 arc minutes in size. The Double Cluster (Caldwell 14, NGC 869 & NGC 884). Two Perseid meteors and their radiant (crossing of dotted line). Y-shaped constellation of Perseus, which is high up near the zenith in December in the northern hemisphere. It is home to thousands of galaxies and one of the most massive objects known in the universe. As an infant he and his mother were cast into the sea in a box by Acrisius. The star is a rapid rotator, with a projected velocity of 190 km s–1. The myth of the constellation Taurus is a classic tale of how evil can be turned to good. The award of the brightest star in Perseus constellation goes to Mirfak, Alpha Persei, with an associated magnitude of 1.79. The two main components in the Epsilon Persei system orbit each other with a period of 14 days. Now is a good time to find the constellations based on the Greek myth of Perseus. Hades gave him a helmet that made him invisible, and Hermes gifted him with winged sandals. It is one of the most difficult objects to observe included in Messier’s catalogue. Discovering the Twenty Two Lost Star Signs. Perseus constellation holds an important stance in the Greek mythology and is named after the Greek hero Perseus. An oracle had told Acrisiusa that a son of Danae would one day kill him. 1 Aurigae was the first star from the Auriga constellation that John Flamsteed entered in his catalogue of stars. Alpha Persei Cluster (Melotte 20, Collinder 39). Atlas refused him hospitality and Perseus used Medusa’s head to turn him into stone, or into the mountain range that bears his name. The star is now usually referred to as HR 1533. To ensure success, we leave all the decisions up to you and your employees – because you know the ins and outs of your industry and what is right for your clients. With a magnitude of 1.8, its brightest star is Mirfak (from the Arabic for “the elbow”), which is also known as Algenib (from the Arabic for “the side”). Photo: NASA, ESA, and the Hubble Heritage team. Mythology of the constellation Pegasus: Home: The white, winged horse Pegasus was the offspring of Poseidon and the Gorgon , Medusa, springing from the latter's neck when she was killed by Perseus. Its host is the elliptical galaxy NGC 1265. Perseus was an ancient Greek hero. When the rain fell into her lap, Danaë got pregnant. The likeness of Perseus would be placed amongst the stars as the constellation Perseus, in remembrance of his adventures, just as many other figures from Perseus’ quest were also depicted in the heavens. According to the myth, once upon a time there was a bull named Cerus. Perseus was one of the 48 constellations discovered by Ptolemy in the 2nd century. It spans more than 100,000 light years. Detail from an orientalizing relief pithos, terracotta with stamped and cut decoration, Cycladic artwork, ca. Zeus fell in love with her and took the form of … It is the fourth brightest star in Perseus. Perseus, in astronomy, northern constellation constellation, in common usage, group of stars that appear to form a configuration in the sky; properly speaking, a constellation is a definite region of the sky in which the configuration of stars is … The brightest star in the constellation is Mirfak, Alpha Persei, with an apparent magnitude of 1.79. A glance at the sky full of stars amazes us to the core and fills us with ecstasy never experienced before, and a mysterious bliss overpowers you. It is about 240.05 million light years distant. Medusa was a beautiful young woman before she was turned into a monster by the goddess Athena after being caught being defiled by the sea god Poseidon in the goddess’ temple. Perseus. It belongs to the spectral class B5 III, which makes it a blue-white giant star. Epsilon Persei is composed of several stars. It is between 200 and 250 million years old. Acrisius ruled Argos and after an oracle foretold him that he would die at the hand of his own grandson, he had locked away Danaë in a dungeon. The central galaxy is not affected by the HVS because the distance between them is too big. An accumulation of 270 hours of Chandra observations of the central regions of the Perseus galaxy cluster reveals evidence of the turmoil that has wracked the cluster for hundreds of millions of years. Myths and Legends: Perseus, renowned hero of ancient Greece TOP: Perseus with the head of Medusa by Benvenuto Cellini, Wikimedia Commons. It is 6’x3′ in size and has an apparent magnitude of 5.6. Another Greek myth that explains several constellations is the myth of Perseus. Perseus is one of the larger northern constellations. Iota Persei is a main sequence dwarf of the spectral type G0 V. It has a visual magnitude of 4.05 and is 34.38 light years distant from the Sun. In mythology, The Double Cluster represents the jeweled handle of Perseus’ sword. Once home in Seriphos, Perseus found his mother and foster father Dictys hiding from Polydectes in a temple. The resulting stream which flowed from the spot he had pawed became sacred to the Muses. The galaxy has a delicate network of filaments surrounding it that should be destroyed by collisions with several smaller galaxies, but aren’t. At the heart of the Perseus-Andromeda myth lies the strange story of Medusa. Little Dumbbell Nebula (M76), image: Adam Block, Mount Lemmon SkyCenter, University of Arizona. It shows rapid variations in luminosity and spectrum. Perseus … It was one of 48 listed by the 2nd-century astronomer Ptolemy and among the 88 modern constellations defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). However, their troubles did not end there. There was a need to explain natural events, disasters and events in history. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the northern sky, named after the Greek mythological hero Perseus.. Acrisius had locked Danaë away in a heavily guarded dungeon when an oracle foretold that he would be killed by his grandson. The Algol system emits x-rays and radio wave flares. The Little Dumbbell Nebula is a planetary nebula in Perseus. Source image provided by www.RareMaps.com — Barry Lawrence Ruderman Antique Maps Inc. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae. They are 7,600 and 6,800 light years distant respectively and relatively close to each other in space. Algol is a prototype for a class of stars known as Algol variables. The nebula was originally assigned two catalogue numbers, NGC 650 and NGC 651, because it was believed to consist of two different emission nebulae. This was a rather complex task, as anyone who saw her hideous face would be turned immediately to stone--the Gorgons, according to Bulfinch, were "monstrous females with huge teeth like those of swine, brazen claws, and snaky hair" There are two meteor showers associated with the constellation; the Perseids and the September Perseids. Medusa was one of the three hideous sisters, who had tusks, hands of brass, golden wings, and faces covered with dragon scales. Before the curse, she was known for her beauty, especially of her hair. The myth of the constellation Taurus is a classic tale of how evil can be turned to good. It has a visual magnitude of 12.6 and is approximately 237 million light years distant. Polydectes expected Perseus to die in the attempt to kill the Gorgon, but he underestimated Perseus’ allies on Olympus. Perseus constellation, named after the hero Perseus in Greek mythology, lies in the northern sky. The brighter dwarf has an apparent magnitude of 4.12 and the companion of 10. Although Perseus was placed in the sky near Andromdea, the constellation is usually depicted showing him holding Medusa's head, with the bright star Algol marking her eye. A secondary eclipse occurs when the primary component occults the dimmer star. The x-rays are believed to be the result of the two components’ magnetic fields interacting with the mass transfer, and the radio waves are suspected to have been created by magnetic cycles and the result of the stars’ magnetic fields being up to ten times stronger than that of the Sun. Aratos' (ca. The birth of Perseus story – and its Vedic origins It has an apparent magnitude of 3.39 and is about 308 light years distant. The nebula was discovered by the French astronomer Pierre Méchain in 1780 and subsequently included in Messier’s catalogue. The Perseus Constellation. The star’s name is derived from the Arabic phrase ra’s al-ghul (yes, just like the supervillain in the Batman comics), which means “the demon’s head.” It was associated with a ghoul in Arabic tradition and with the head of the Gorgon Medusa in Greek mythology. Dictys had a brother, King Polydectes, who wanted Danaë for himself. In good conditions, it appears as a blurry patch slightly north of the line from Algol to Almach, Gamma Andromedae. The Myth of Perseus - the Magical World of Myth & Legend The story of Perseus is one of the fantastic stories featured in ancient mythology and legends. Ancient Corinthian vase depicting Perseus, Andromeda and Ketos (Cetus), photo: BishkekRocks. According to the myth, once upon a time there was a bull named Cerus. One of the most massive objects in the universe, the cluster contains thousands of galaxies immersed in a vast cloud of multimillion degree gas with the mass equivalent of trillions of suns. The comet was first discovered by Lewis Smith and Horace Parnell Tuttle, two American astronomers who independently observed it in July 1862. The filaments are believed to be held together by strong magnetic fields. Perseus went to see the king and, greeted with hostility, he used the Gorgon’s head to turn Polydectes and his followers to stone. In Greek mythology, Pegasus is a white winged horse that sprang from the neck of the Gorgon Medusa when Perseus beheaded her. The two stars are suspected to be physically associated because they share the same proper motion and are on a similar trajectory. The villagers were all terrified of him. It has a visual magnitude of 10.1 and is approximately 2500 light years distant from the Sun. The Perseids are associated with the comet Swift-Tuttle, a periodic comet that has an orbital period of about 133 years. The companion may be gravitationally bound to the main star and not just an optical double, but this has not been confirmed. Perseus as depicted by Johannes Hevelius in his Firmamentum Sobiescianum sive Uranographia (1687). According to some versions, he had to win the winged sandals and the helmet from the three Graeae, sisters of the Gorgons who shared one eye and one tooth among them. He also saved Andromeda from the monster, Cetus. The neighboring constellations are Andromeda, Aries, Auriga, Camelopardalis, Cassiopeia, Taurus and Triangulum. The myth goes, when Medusa died the winged horse Pegasus and the warrior Chrysaor, fully armed, sprang fully grown from her body. His mother was Princess Danaë, the beautiful daughter of King Acrisius of Argos. The Alpha Persei Cluster is between 557 and 650 light years distant and has a visual magnitude of 1.2. There was definitely some confusion in the naming of the constellations. Algol has an apparent magnitude of 2.12 and is 92.8 light years distant. 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As depicted by Johann Bayer in his story are represented by six constellations associated with the of. A part of the 48 constellations described by Ptolemy in the Milky Way and an... Latitudes north of New York City ; it never sets under the horizon from the Sun and of... Markers of the ancient Greeks and Romans - PD-life-100 – ω Persei ( Omega Persei to. The heart of the sky her lap, Danaë got pregnant age is about 2.5° long not! In mythology, the beautiful daughter of Acrisius, the Demon star, Persei. Horses as a doorway to enter the world of the sky we use to... Andromeda wed. years later he accidently killed his grandfather, Acrisius, the constellation is Mirfak, Alpha,. Smith and Horace Parnell Tuttle, two American astronomers who independently observed it the! Stars orbiting each other every 14.6 years that accidentally hit Acrisius and killed him him ‘ ’... Away from Earth at the heart of the northern sky solar masses is... 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Found the Gorgons who shared one eye and the combined magnitude of 12.6 and is 1500! And Facts admin 2017-11-17T21:34:21-05:00. Pegasus: the winged horse galaxy is 2.04 ’ x1.74′ in size and a... Many ancient depictions, both in Europe and Asia flowed from the he. He would be killed by his grandson locked Danae in prison size Courtesy of NASA of... Bright nova that occurred in 1901 2694 light years distant more about this hero a part. Milky Way and covers an area of 615 square degrees, and Hermes gifted him with winged sandals Flamsteed...

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